Many times, people don’t realize they have a mold infestation not until the house begins to smell somewhat peculiar. This means the mold has spread substantially and that your furniture may be damaged. Mold can also cause health hazards like difficulty in breathing, skin irritations, sore throats, etc.

Contrary to popular belief, there are many types of mold. Knowing the standard forms may help a person find them when they clean their house.

Types of Mold

The four broad types of mold are:


This is a very common type of mold. This mold likes to grow on organic items that are stored and left undisturbed for a long duration.

Many people use their basements to store grains, fabrics made of plant-based materials, and even use cotton-based items in their basement. All these are favorite breeding grounds for this type of mold. They are easily identifiable as they grow in a circular form and are light in color.

It is a good idea not to leave grains of organic substances still for a long time. Proper ventilation helps deter the growth of this type of mold.


This mold has around 30 variants, and grows on plywood, paint, and fiberglass. These molds need very high humidity of about 50% and grow in a very peculiar way that is quite easily identifiable.

They are dark in color and may be completely black or even green in appearance. The easiest way to identify them is by focusing on their texture as they seem powdery.


This type of mold is commonly known as ‘black’ mold as well as toxic black mold. These can mostly be found around leaky pipes or in water damaged areas.

One thing to know about this type of mold is that it grows very slowly and can only flourish if a water damaged area is left untreated for a long time. It is important to get rid of this type of mold as early as possible as it releases mycotoxins that cause various health issues.


Fusarium likes to grow in the soil or on plants. It has more than 70 variants. These molds thrive in very wet areas. Keeping the basement dry can lessen the possibility of them growing there.

Mold can be quite harmful to your health and can even damage your property. That’s why it is a good idea to learn about the different types of mold, so you can identify them when you see one.